& well-being

Physical inactivity and unhealthy diet make up half of the major risk factors for non-Communicable diseases (NCD) worldwide, the other two being tobacco and the harmful use of alcohol. While some 70 years ago we were grappling with undernourishment of more than half the world’s population, we are now faced with an obesity epidemic, with well over 25% of the population overweight or obese, with obesity trebling in the last 50 years. With over 5.3 million premature deaths worldwide annually – more than tuberculosis, lung cancer, HIV/AIDS or traffic accidents – Physical inactivity is costing lives and costing economies with both costs of care and loss of productivity, to say nothing of the social and emotional impact of lives lost.

This module highlights the cost of inactivity, the benefits, links the UNSDGs and the critical importance of physical activity to all domains of physical social and emotional wellbeing, identity, connectedness, security, autonomy, meaning, growth and joy.


Global State of Play

European State of Play

Policy Frameworks

Collaboration and Partnership across Settings


Relevant case studies and good practices



cost of inactivity/exercise as medicine/obesity and overweight/well-being domains/mental health/active transport/active cities/active schools